Gratuity – Gratuity Calculation – Gratuity Formula – Gratuity Rules – Gratuity Meaning – Gratuity Eligibility – Gratuity Taxability Gratuity definition:
Gratuity is the additional salary that given to an employee by the employer for the services offered to the company. In other words, an employee gets an extra salary for the services he offered to the company. This extra salary is given to the employee by the employer. Although there is a certain criterion for offering Gratuity, one must know what Gratuity Act is.
Gratuity meaning – Gratuity definition:
Gratuity Act says that the employer will give additional salary to an employee for the services he offered over the years. This additional salary or Gratuity is given only when an employee is either gets retired or resign from the job. If one is eligible for Gratuity, then he should get Gratuity if the company comes under Gratuity Act.
- Gratuity meaning in Hindi: ऐच्छिक दान
- Gratuity meaning in tamil: பணிக்கொடை
- Gratuity meaning in telugu: పారితోషికం
- Gratuity meaning in marathi: ग्रॅच्युइटी
Gratuity is not something which can be given to anyone but, only to those who are eligible for it. There is a short Gratuity eligibility criterion which one should pass to apply for Gratuity. These are the things which are needed for being eligible for Gratuity.
- The company or shop for which you work should come under Gratuity Act. Otherwise, you will not be able to get Gratuity.
- You must have worked under the company or shop for a minimum of 5 years continuously. Moreover, a minimum of 240 days a year is also necessary to be eligible for Gratuity.
If you pass in both these things then, can apply for Gratuity at the time of your retirement or at the time you resign. Keep in mind that if you do not pass any one of the rules above then, you will not be given a gratuity.
There is a simple formula for calculating Gratuity amount. The Gratuity formula goes as follows.
Gratuity Formula = Salary x Tenure x 15/26
The above Gratuity formula is used to calculate Gratuity amount for any employee. The salary under this formula includes basic pay, commissions and dearness allowances. The tenure is the amount of time or years an employee has provided serviced to the company. The tenure should be continuous because otherwise, the Gratuity will not be liable. Moreover, the service of more than six continuous months is considered as a complete year.
Finally, at the end of every year, an employee is given 15 days of salary. So an employee gets 15/26 of one month’s salary for a completed year as a month is considered of only 26 days. This is how Gratuity formula works.
As mentioned above, Gratuity is free of tax to Government employees, retired employee, and dead employees. Apart from these, all other types of companies or employees are taxable under Gratuity Act.
For the rest of the employees, the Gratuity amount is calculated by the Gratuity formula only.
How gratuity is calculated?
Let’s take an example that there is an employee named A, who worked for a company for 19 years and two months. The tenure will be rounded off, and that will make A’s total years of services as 19 years. Now let’s say that A’s salary is Rs. 20,000 and he gets a Gratuity of 8, 00,000 from the employer. This way using the Gratuity formula
Gratuity Formula = Salary x Tenure x 15/26
= 20,000 X 19 X 15/26 = Rs. 2, 19,230
Now Rs. 8, 00,000 – Rs. 2, 19,230 = Rs. 5,80,769 this is the amount which is taxable to A.
This is how taxability done in Gratuity.
There are some rules of Gratuity which apply to both the employee and the employer. So here are the rules which you should know.
- If an employer employs more than ten employees, then he is bound to play gratuity.
- Minimum of 5 years of continuous service is required for an employee to get Gratuity. The leaves, sick leaves, strikes or any interruption which is not due to the fault of an employee will not be counted. Thus employee’s service will be considered continuous.
- In case the employee dies before the period of 5 years of service then, also the nominee will receive Gratuity.
- Gratuity is non-taxable, or you can say it is tax-free. However, tax-free Gratuity only given when it is calculated with the right formula. Moreover, the Gratuity is non-taxable to only government employees, employee retired or employee dead.
- If employee caused loss to the company, then he can forfeit his gratuity to compensate the loss. In this very case, the employer also has to terminate the employee from the services because of the loss.
- The Gratuity amount gets bigger at the time of service of the employee increases.
- 10, 00,000 is the maximum Gratuity amount one can get.
These are the basic rules of Gratuity which needs to be followed by everyone.